Surrogacy Laws in Greece
Surrogacy is sometimes the only method for couples to realize their dream of having their own children. However, there is presently no legal structure in place in many nations to support it. One of the exceptions is surrogacy in Greece, where surrogacy has been allowed since 2004 to only heterosexual couples and single women.
What is surrogacy and how does it work?
Surrogacy is “the practice of a woman (referred to as a surrogate mother) becoming pregnant and giving birth to a baby in order to give it to someone who is unable to have children.” It falls under the category of Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART), which implies it can’t be done without IVF.
Traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy are the two highly popular forms of surrogacy. When the surrogate’s eggs are inseminated, she becomes the biological mother of the child she bears. As a result, not only does she carry the kid, but her DNA also makes up half of the child’s DNA.
Intended parents must know that traditional surrogacy is illegal as per surrogacy laws in Greece. Gestational surrogacy, on the other hand, is legal in Greece and refers to a technique in which the intended mother’s oocytes or those from an anonymous egg donor are fertilized by the intended father’s sperm (or an anonymous egg donor). The generated embryos are subsequently implanted into the uterus of the surrogate mother. The surrogate has no genetic ties to the kid in this way.
The steps involved in the surrogacy treatment process in Greece
- Surrogacy motherhood is now only available to married heterosexual couples, cohabiting couples, and single women in Greece. Everything begins with a patient’s email or phone call, which is followed by an initial consultation with a doctor (either in person or via Skype).
- If patients are able to show up at the clinic, they will be given an initial diagnostic examination; however, if they are unable to do so, they will be requested to conduct all necessary tests at home.
- To understand why the intended mother cannot carry a baby to term, all of the patients’ medical difficulties and reproductive problems must be brought together. After that, physicians decide on the best treatment strategy for each patient depending on their specific needs.
- After the initial medical component of the program is accomplished, the legal process is organized. The nice thing about surrogacy laws in Greece is that surrogacy is heavily regulated by law. It implies that there must always be a court hearing, and the judge is the one who renders the decision on whether the surrogacy program may proceed or not. When the court issues a favourable ruling, the clinic begins the IVF treatment plan that was previously agreed upon.
The procedure for choosing a surrogate mother and an egg donor
- Two stages are critical to the success of the surrogate motherhood program: the selection of the correct egg donor and the selection of a suitable surrogate mother in Greece.
- In the first situation, the donors must be between the ages of 18 and 30. They must be in good general health, which is why they are tested for 27 genetic illnesses such as karyotype, cystic fibrosis, and fragile X syndrome. They must have a healthy ovarian reserve and be tested for infectious disorders such as HIV, AIDS, and Hepatitis, among others. They must also be aware of what they are doing and aware of all the ramifications of their activities, in addition to a clear medical report.
- It’s just as vital to pick the correct surrogate mother in Greece. Moreover, the process gets easier when the intended parents have already picked their surrogate. If not, the surrogate must first be chosen from a medical standpoint. It implies she must have a uterus that is anatomically normal (i.e., no large polyps or fibroids) and be physically and emotionally sound.
- She has a thorough assessment to evaluate her psychological profile, which involves examining her stable character, moral values, and favorable attitude toward the surrogacy program. It’s also critical that the surrogate mother be committed to completing the program successfully, regardless of how many IVF cycles are necessary to reach the desired end result.
The Legal implications related to Surrogacy in Greece
The surrogacy laws in Greece fully define all elements of surrogacy. First and foremost, Greek law enables intended parents to be foreigners, which is crucial information for people seeking reproductive treatment overseas. Second, the court ruling must explicitly clarify that the kid born as a consequence of the surrogacy program belongs to the intended parents, not the surrogate.
According to the Court Order, on the day of the baby’s birth, the clinic registers him or her in the intended parents’ names, and the Registration Office issues the baby’s birth certificate based on that information.
The surrogate mother in Greece also has no legal rights to the infant of the intended parents, according to the Court Order. In general, having this information would help many patients feel more at ease about the surrogate mother-offspring relationship. It demonstrates without a shadow of a doubt that the baby delivered via the surrogate motherhood program is the intended parents’ kid – and no one else’s.
Legal implications concerning the IVF procedure
Once the clinic has received the court ruling, the medical process for the program may begin. If necessary, an anonymous egg or sperm donor is chosen, and then either the mother’s or the donor’s eggs are harvested, depending on the treatment plan. After that, eggs are fertilized in a laboratory with sperm (either from the spouse or from a donor).
The fertilized eggs (embryos) may be subjected to pre-implantation genetic testing to rule out any chromosomal abnormalities. Finally, one or two embryos are transferred to the surrogate mother’s uterus to finish the process. The embryo transfer is followed by pregnancy and delivery if the test comes as positive.
How can we help?
At Surrogacy consultancy, our partner clinic’s surrogate motherhood program assures that all surrogate mother in Greece have the highest possible chance of giving birth to a healthy kid. A surrogate mother is checked every two weeks during her pregnancy. One or two gynecologists are in charge of her testing, which includes ultrasounds, hormone tests, and basic blood tests. She is also monitored three times during her pregnancy by a gynaecologist who specializes in fetal medicine (at 12, 20 and 32 weeks).
Their facility also offers non-invasive prenatal testing at 12 weeks of pregnancy (e.g. Harmony or NATIVA tests). In order to birth a fully term healthy baby and keep the surrogate mother healthy, the pregnancy and delivery are both watched by a highly qualified obstetrician. Once the baby is delivered, the intended parents will be able to fulfill their goal of bringing their kid home with them.
Connect with our coordinators today for a free consultation!